29 November, 2020
Best Types of Mushrooms to Eat

6 functional mushrooms can help you boost immunity and health

 

I love mushrooms. I have always had my favorite grilled food is thick and juicy Portobello mushrooms, and their favorite pizza is…one of the kids of mushroom pizza. Strange? Maybe. But I am very young.

Now, as a functional medicine nutritionist, I am happy to discuss with people how to include various nutritious foods in their diets in a healthy way (not burnt on the grill or pizza like when I was a child), functional Mushrooms are good because they are rich in important immune and brain support substances, including dietary fiber and plant protein9.

Shiitake powder

There are six mushroom varieties in our “Smart Mushroom” nutritional powder: Lion’s Mane, Cordyceps, Shiitake, Ganoderma, Turkey Tail and Agaricus. I will outline the unique and shared health benefits of each of them, and then provide some ideas on how to include these fungi more frequently in your diet.

All six varieties include Dextran In various forms. Glucan is a fibrous substance in the cell wall of mushrooms. By increasing the production of immune “fighting” cells and supporting the health of the digestive tract where most of the body’s immune tissue is located, it has been proven to have immune enhancement capabilities.11.

Glucan can be used as a food source for beneficial bacteria in the intestine, providing antioxidant activity and sending signals of potentially harmful pathogens, thereby triggering a basic immune response16. Below is an overview of the other healthful substances in each mushroom.

6 functional mushrooms can help you boost immunity and health

How to eat healthy functional mushroom brain medicine

1. Lion’s mane (Hericium)

The lion’s mane is an important mushroom for brain and immune health.It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for at least 1000 years and is used regularly in cuisines all over the world1 piece. It is really great to see the image of this fungus in the wild (please look up if you are curious!) because it really looks like a lion’s mane.

Lion’s Mane contains nootropic factors. Because many substances in this mushroom can stimulate nerve growth factor (NGF), it can continuously improve the brain functions of men and women. NGF regulates the maintenance and repair of neurons, especially those related to acetylcholine, which is a neurotransmitter vital to memory, cognition and digestive movement. In addition, some studies have shown that the lion’s mane increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which is known to support the synthesis of new neurons.11, 17. Register me, right?

Sample usage: Lion’s mane is a rich, delicious mushroom, usually described as similar to meat or lobster. You can find recipes using lion mane instead of steak, liver and crab. Try roasting lion’s mane for a healthier online frying recipe.

2. Lingzhi (Lingzhi)

Like other mushrooms in dexterous mushrooms, Ganoderma lucidum contains a high content of glucan, but it also contains a unique substance called triterpenes that can enhance its immune function.Triterpenoids promote the necessary inflammatory response in the presence of pathogens, thereby triggering an immune response15.More specifically, a meta-analysis of clinical trial studies concluded that Ganoderma can enhance the activity of T helper cells and other immune cells derived from the thymus, thereby enhancing our immunity6.It is also found that Ganoderma can enhance the activity of NGF and BDNF growth factors, so it has the potential to improve human brain health and immunity6.

Sample usage: Ganoderma lucidum is difficult to eat due to its high-fiber nature, so using Ganoderma lucidum in powder form in smart mushrooms is an ideal choice to get it to promote health.

3.Shiitake (Shiitake)

Shiitake mushrooms have been used as a medicinal food for thousands of years and are a good source of vegetarian protein4. Shiitake has been shown to maintain healthy triglyceride and cholesterol levels, partly because it has a high fiber content and contains alpha and beta glucans, including coumarins. Lentinan is a glucan that promotes a healthy inflammatory response and may have the effect of improving mood3, 15, 24.

In addition, shiitake mushrooms also contain a powerful antioxidant called ergothionine (ET).Studies have found that the human digestive tract has a special transporter specifically designed to absorb ET. Although it is not completely clear, it shows that this antioxidant is essential to human health7.

Sample usage: I often use shiitake mushrooms in omelets or fried vegetables and soups.

4.Turkey tail (Variegated Camellia/Yunzhi)

The mushroom contains two β-glucan polysaccharides, each of which has undergone extensive immune research: polysaccharide K (PSK) and polysaccharide peptide (PSP)11. Both can activate the early warning system in the immune system, and enhance the response and proliferation of a variety of immune cells to pathogens.But PSK and PSP can also be used as important human antioxidants, and have shown beneficial effects on the digestive system, liver, heart, and joints in animal studies.6, 11.

Use example: Turkey tail is usually too fibrous to be eaten as food, so you can get benefits by soaking in hot water and drinking it after 15-20 minutes, or drinking powdered smart mushrooms in smoothies or other beverages . select.

5. Cordyceps sinensis, orange caterpillar fungus

Like the other mushrooms outlined here, mil Cordyceps (CM)…you guessed it-glucan!Therefore, we already know that it is very important for digestion and immune health, but it is particularly proven that CM can improve the immunity of men over 50 years old, and it is especially important that immunity decreases with age10.

CM also contains nucleosides-components of our DNA and RNA.Nucleosides essentially power the energy, growth and maintenance of all our cells2. No small feat!Given this all-round effect on all our cells, it’s no wonder that Cordyceps has also been found to improve fatigue, support kidney and liver health and improve blood circulation14, 21.

A nucleoside contained in CM is called adenosine, which is a component of ATP.As you may remember from biology class, more ATP = more cellular energy2. In addition to producing energy, adenosine also supports the regulation of the functions of our organ systems, so it may not be surprising that the brain has multiple receptor sites dedicated to adenosine.The nucleoside is known to help regulate sleep, breathing, cardiovascular function and liver/kidney function10, 18.

Sample use: Divide dry cordyceps into boiling water. Cook for 15 minutes to release beneficial substances. It can be used as a tea with lemon and ginger (if needed), or as a soup when making soup.

6. Agaricus (Agaricus blazei)

Agaricus blazei is the origin of Brazil, and like shiitake mushrooms, it is a rich source of plant protein, and contains dietary fiber rich in glucans, including a specific form of β-glucan, this β-glucan Uncommon in other mushrooms, these mushrooms can activate multiple components of the immune system, including natural killer cells.And T lymphocytes1, 5.Another similarity of shiitake mushrooms is that agar has the ability to help maintain optimal cholesterol levels and overall liver health21, 25.In addition, mushrooms can also support healthy glucose levels25.

Sample usage: Similar to Cordyceps, mushrooms are best used as tea or broth and various spices.

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references
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  3. Bao H, others. Lentinan produces a powerful antidepressant-like effect by enhancing the Dectin-1 / AMPA receptor signaling pathway in the prefrontal lobe. Behavioral Brain Research 317: 263-271 (2017).
  4. Chang R. Functional characteristics of edible fungi. Nutrition Review 54 (11): S91-S93 (1996)
  5. Zhao SM. Analysis of the chemical composition of Agaricus blazei. Mycobiology 36(1): 50-54 (2008).
  6. The role of Habtemariam S. Trametes versicolor (Synn. Coriolus versicolor) polysaccharides in cancer treatment: goals and efficacy. Biomed 8, 135: 26 pages (2020).
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  9. Jin X and other Ganoderma (Ganoderma lucidum) are used for cancer treatment. The Cochrane systematic review database, Issue 4, 2016. Number: CD007731: 39 pages (2016)
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  22. Zhai Yue Y, others. Improve cognitive function by taking Hericium erinaceus orally. Biomed Research (Tokyo) 40(4): 125-131 (2019).
  23. Shennong Chinese Medicine Database. Variegated Yunzhi (Trametes versicolor). shen-nong.com, accessed on September 23, 2020.
  24. Zhang Z, others. Lentivirus inhibits the expression of AGE-induced inflammation and matrix degrading enzymes in human chondrocytes. Drug design, development and treatment 14: 2819-2829 (2020).
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Six functional mushroom posts that help boost immunity and health first appeared on the BrainMD Health Blog.

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